For a man to be fertile, he must be able to sustain an erection and have enough semen to carry healthy, mature sperm to fertilize an egg. Some potential issues that may arise include the following:. Low sperm count is a common male infertility problem.
This is unfortunate because testing for male infertility is a simple, low cost, and non-invasive procedure. More importantly, most causes can be successfully treated. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive a child within one year of unprotected sexual intercourse.
I was 26 years old when I was first diagnosed with infertility. In my case, the inability to conceive was the result of a condition called stage 4 endometriosis. Like many people facing infertility, I was heartbroken by the news.
Infertility is defined clinically in women and men who cannot achieve pregnancy after 1 year of having intercourse without using birth control, and in women who have two or more failed pregnancies. Many different medical conditions and other factors can contribute to fertility problems, and an individual case may have a single cause, several causes, or—in some cases—no identifiable cause. Overall, one-third of infertility cases are caused by male reproductive issues, one-third by female reproductive issues, and one-third by both male and female reproductive issues or by unknown factors.
Back to Infertility. Some problems stop an egg being released at all, while others prevent an egg being released during some cycles but not others. When you're ovulating, mucus in your cervix becomes thinner so sperm can swim through it more easily.
Speaking with your partner about infertility is, no doubt, a sensitive topic. A really difficult part of it is that infertility could exist within either one of you, or even both of you. Therefore, it is equally as necessary for both partners to consider themselves when discussing treatment.
Low sperm count means that the fluid semen you ejaculate during an orgasm contains fewer sperm than normal. A low sperm count is also called oligospermia ol-ih-go-SPUR-me-uh. A complete absence of sperm is called azoospermia.
Getting pregnant conceiving often takes a while. Some couples take two years or more to conceive. This information looks at infertility in men — we also have information on female infertility and infertility treatments.
We apologize for the inconvenience, but your browser is currently not supported by this website. Please try another browser, or install the latest version of your favorite browser below:. While roughly 60 percent of couples conceive without medical assistance within six months of trying, one in eight couples are struggling with infertility.
It is not uncommon for people to experience signs of infertility. This may be stressful, as many people show no direct symptoms of infertility until they try to conceive. Infertility affects both men and women. According to the Office on Women's Healthabout a third of issues with infertility comes from women, and another third starts with men.